Most football fans around the world are familiar with the term “farmers league.” It is where there are one or at most two top-tier clubs who win everything on offer and are almost indomitable. This phenomenon keeps repeating every season as the smaller clubs do not have the means to challenge.
As opposed to this, there is something else about which fans may not be too aware about. The concept of “farm teams.” It is not where your local club grows poultry or helps out in agriculture, but rather when one giant corporation/group of investors control many clubs across the globe. FootTheBall brings to you the lowdown on farm teams and why they are not all good.
UMBRELLA FOR MANY
First things first, let’s look at all the good that farm teams do or are aiming to achieve. Take the examples of the two biggest in the business right now: the Red Bull GmBH and the Abu Dhabi-led City Football Group (CFG). Both have one main team which represents their most valuable investment: RB Leipzig and Manchester City respectively.
🔟 players have moved from Red Bull Salzburg to RB Leipzig since 2015. pic.twitter.com/t7I1G5sCOi
— DW Sports (@dw_sports) July 8, 2020
Furthermore, they also have ‘sister clubs’ or “farm teams” which have the same backers. Immediately, the most important benefit is obvious: there is no fear of bankruptcy or liquidation for the smaller teams. The stability this ensures helps in formulating future direction in a much more consolidated manner.
🌍 City Football Group | The Global Masterplan. pic.twitter.com/uZAIkjZZQi
— City Xtra (@City_Xtra) May 11, 2020
Moving on to the footballing aspects of it all, it is no big secret that the farm teams serve as feeder clubs to the big fish. RB Salzburg has given as many as 18 first-team players to Leipzig, and by “given,” we mean the transfer fee is at an extremely discounted rate. Manchester City do not need players from their farm teams but they have often loaned out players, including two this very season.
That is where the second benefit comes in: game time and professional experience. Youth graduates and teenage talents can ply their trade in a less competitive environment which helps them develop in an all-round manner. They can also play regularly which helps in the short and long-term. Even coaches communicate on a regular basis to remain updated on the progress of players and even gauge out future talents.
City Football Group, UBTECH and China Sports Capital have today announced the joint purchase of Chinese Club Sichuan Jiuniu FC, in the China League Two ⚽️
— Manchester City (@ManCity) February 20, 2019
They have also developed world-class facilities for scouting, training, and identifying the next generation of players. With their widespread network, this helps in recruiting from an early age and gaining loyalty which ensures that other teams cannot compete. That sets them up nicely for building up a good base which provides a long line of players that can grow up to be even better.
https://t.co/xlCU1tswL9 I hope so Memz. I interviewed him back in 2018. How times flies 😊
— James Rowe (@JamesRoweNL) September 2, 2021
CFG have also invested in the ‘Right To Dream Academy’ in Ghana which is one of the most famous names on the continent for budding footballers. This kind of planning is crucial in today’s day and age of global football.
TOO MANY FOR TOO FEW
However, what this expansion also means is that a lot of the “pipeline” upcoming players are controlled by a select few. Nevermind the members of Manchester City who are beyond the reach of most, the rest of the clubs under CFG can be fair targets.
OFFICIAL: Troyes have signed winger Patrick Roberts and defender Philippe Sandler on season-long loans from Manchester City. pic.twitter.com/tnUIepAQ4u
— Transfer News Central (@TransferNewsCen) August 31, 2021
Due to the nature of farm teams, CFG will have a controlling say with regards to what price they want to sell or even to whom they want to. The same goes for Red Bull. Their strategy of Salzburg players going to Leipzig is something that is very much a fabric of both the clubs. Since the transaction is between two teams with the same parent company, the price is really not a factor.
City Football Group are interested in Russian Football market.
CFG already held talks with one Russian club in February.
[Bookingmaker-ratings RU] pic.twitter.com/GMCEcmgm6Z
— City Chief (@City_Chief) May 13, 2020
The main income is the profit they make after selling him to a new club at a much higher rate. Furthermore, the fact that these groups have plans to buy more traditional teams and turn them into farm teams reduces the competition in those respective leagues. The other big and small teams cannot get access to the emerging players if they are already contracted to an academy overseen by Red Bull or CFG.
— Ralph Gunesch (@felgenralle) November 29, 2018
Given the worldwide nature of these projects, the purity and romanticism attached to the game is slowly eroding away.
THE FUTURE OF FOOTBALL?
The chances of an underdog springing up a surprise is diminishing rapidly nowadays. Without the involvement of national associations, it does not look that this kind of expansion will be stoppable. It is not only about the competition that has been reduced but also the chances of more clubs getting their hands on prospects.
That eskews the future plans as the big corporations will continue to enjoy the monopoly. The Glazers or the Kroenkes or individual owners cannot go on buying multiple teams. That is why it is imperative that the governing bodies and federations come together in order to make a more level playing field.