Former Brazil and Manchester City international midfielder Elano was named interim coach of Santos on Sunday, a day after the sacking of Dorival Junior.
Elano, 35, joined Santos’ backroom coaching staff in January after ending his playing career last November.
Dorival was fired after the club’s 2-0 loss to Corinthians, a result that left them 16th in Brazil’s 20-team Serie A standings.
The 55-year-old was appointed Santos boss for a second time in July 2015.
In his two spells in charge, he led the club to 111 wins, 34 draws and 44 losses.