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In a landmark decision that will have impact on football across England, a joint decision of the FA, Premier League, English Football League, Professional Footballers’ Association and the League Managers Association has limited the number of “high-powered” headers in training to 10 per week, bringing heading under close observation.


This rule which will apply to all professional footballers in the country is the first of its kind to be recommended by the sport’s governing bodies and there are already signs that more are on the way soon. The worry surrounding the deep links between neurodegenerative diseases and heading repeatedly has forced the hand of the organizers after some pretty solid evidence was found through years of research and call for action.



“High powered” headers are typically those which come “after a long pass (more than 35 metres) or from crosses, corners and free-kicks,” the statement said. For now there are no restrictions on “low powered” headers while clubs have been tasked with maintaining a database of players, age, position, number of headers in a match and nature of those.

Furthermore, amateur footballers have been handed down the rule of “10 headers per session and only one session a week where heading practice is included”. England had already banned heading in children aged 11 and under in February. The competent bodies will continue to assess these recommendations and provide updates as more research is conducted in the field of how heading impacts the brain.


Needless to say, this has been the most forceful statement by the FA and its partners on this issue which has seen calls grown in recent years to be regulated in a safer manner.



The death that sparked all of this came in 2002 when former West Brom and England striker Jeff Astle died of what was then assumed as dementia. However, after his brain was further re-examined in 2014, it emerged that it was actually “chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)” that was the true cause.


This condition is generally seen in boxers who take repeated blows to the head or in rugby players. Doctors concluded that dementia and CTE are often mixed up while diagnosing as they are both head injuries resulting from heading in football. Mr. Astle’s family has been at the forefront of the campaign to assess the risk posed to footballers in later years of their lives. Jack Charlton and Nobby Stiles, members of the 1966 World Cup winning squad had been diagnosed with dementia leading to their deaths while Bobby Charlton is also living with it.


Additionally, studies have shown that heading from a very young age can lead to adverse effects. All of the players mentioned here were in the game when heavy leather balls were used further increasing the risks. CTE has been a root cause of deaths amongst players in these sports and in 2019, the FA commissioned a study by Glasgow University to get more knowledge.

Daily Mirror
Image courtesy: Dawn Astle/Twitter


The researchers found that footballers are “three and a half times” more likely to develop dementia and related conditions rather than other physical complications due to football. All of this paints a grim picture of how negligent the appropriate authorities were in recognizing the danger and failing to act on it.



Though this is just the first major step taken by football authorities, the idea to keep on assessing the changing conditions is more than welcome. Campaigners led by Mr. Astle’s daughter, Dawn have regularly criticized the FA for being too lackadaisical with the laws.


More recently, an inquiry conducted by the UK government’s MPs of the Digital, Cultural, Media and Sport committee found grave inconsistencies in how governing bodies had failed to sufficiently safeguard the sport from brain injuries. Another important addition has been the trial of the concussion substitutes in football games to safeguard players’ well-being.


There has also been considerable urgency to ascertain how these rules now will be implemented by individual clubs. Unless officials are able to accurately monitor the situation and make calls on what is best for players in the long-term, football remains in danger from within.

Ratul Ghosh
His name means Red and a fan of devilish food, which equals to his favourite team being Manchester United. Can be found sleeping or in front of the TV otherwise. Hates waking up early but loves staying up late for football.

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