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Portugal are celebrating 100 years of their first international match this year, and they can ramp up the celebration by retaining their European champion status.

Portugal is a peninsular country in south-western Europe. Once one of the trade capitals of the world, Portugal has a rich culture and history. Even in football, they stand out when compared to other European countries with a touch of South American flair to their game. This came as a part of cultural exchange from their former colony Brazil.

Despite giving many greats to the footballing world, their first international success only came in 2016, when they were crowned as the European champions at Euro 2016 in France, where they defeated the hosts in extra time.



As Euro 2020 finally begin after getting delayed for a year due to the coronavirus pandemic and Ronaldo and co. look forward to their first-ever title defence, we, at FootTheBall, take a look at their football history, culture and philosophy.



The roots of football in Portugal go back to 1921 when they played their first international match, a 3-1 defeat against Spain. Their first international tournament was the 1928 Olympics, they finished fourth in the tournament.

Portugal wasnโ€™t invited to the 1930 World Cup and failed to qualify for the next six editions. It was in 1966 when they finally made it to the World Cup finals and finished third. Their next appearance came after 20 years and they only became regulars at the competition post 2002. Their best performance at the global event came in 2006 when they finished fourth.



At the Euros, they had a similar start, failing to qualify for the first six editions. Portugal made their first appearance at Euro 1984 and finished third in the tournament. They yet again faced disappointment in the qualifying stage at the next two editions, before finally getting a competitive team that qualified in the 1996 edition hosted in England. They came so close to lifting the trophy in 2004, but dark horses Greece shocked them and everyone else in the final and took home the trophy leaving Portuguese players in tears.



Portugal has consistently been a part of the tournament since then, and in 2016, they had their first international glory, courtesy of an extra-time goal from super-sub Eder.



Portuguese football was always based more on individual skills and less on teamwork and tactics. In fact, it was one of the reasons that Portuguese players were successful at top European clubs but not so much with the national side.

Portugal has had many great dribblers and goal scorers in their history, including the famous Eusebio, who is considered one of the greatest footballers ever. The Real Madrid legends Luis Figo and Cristiano Ronaldo are some other greats that were given to world football by Portugal, but the lack of an intelligent tactical set-up at the national team and constantly changing managers after every failure only set them up for another.



Their football is heavily influenced by the typical Latin American style of play, full of flair and tricks. Unlike other European countries, that focused on their physicality and ability to exploit the opposition’s weaknesses to win matches, Portugal football relied more on the individual brilliance and skills of their top players to succeed.



It was after the arrival of international coaching star Fernando Santos that Portugal looked like a team that can win by outplaying the opponent as a team and not just the individual ability of star players like Cristiano Ronaldo.



Portugal has always played a free-flowing attacking game that allows individuals to take control of the ball and innovate to help the team build attacks. This allowed the players to develop and grow as individuals, but the lack of team spirit and team identity caused them continuous failure.

They learnt their lessons and with time, developed a defensive structure that helps them hold down opposition attacks and fully utilise the talent and skill of their forwards in attacking transitions.



The likes of Cristiano Ronaldo, Luis Figo and Eusebio have always provided them with the goals from the central zone with their brilliant shooting ability.

Currently, under Fernando Santos, Portugal plays a 4-4-2 or a 4-3-3 formation, depending upon the defensive cover required. Two holding midfielders protect the backline and also help the team in building quick attacks with the likes of Joao Felix and Bernardo Silva on the flanks.



Despite adding more to the tactical side of the team, Portugal did not lose its flair and skill on the ball. In fact, the coming generation is as skilled and crafted as the previous ones, if not more.



The golden generation of Portuguese footballers came in the late 20th century, around the time Portugal found its feet in world football. A new breed of players had arrived from the youth teams, that won the U20 World Cup in 1989 and 1991 and became the leading figures of the senior side by the end of the century.



Players like Luis Figo, Rui Costa and Joao Pinto took the centre stage at Euro 1996 and managed to reach the quarter-finals of the tournament. In the next edition, they lost the semi-final to eventual winners France and finished third. They further progressed to the final in 2004, where Greece upset the favourites Portugal in the final.



Portugal’s golden generation could not achieve glory, but was one of the most talented teams of their generation, with most players playing at top European clubs. Some might argue that the current team is more talented, but the fact that so many players came through at the same time is what made that team special.



After years of struggle, disappointment and hardships, Portugal finally fulfilled its potential at Euro 2016.

All these years, they had a team full of talented players who could turn the game on its head. But it needs the right coach to utilise the talent at his disposal. The advent of Fernando Santos, former manager of the Greece team that reached the quarter-finals of Euro 2012 and the Last 16 of the 2014 World Cup, helped the Portugal national team find an identity.

The team looked found a shape that they could build upon. He started his tenure at the Selecao in September 2014 and played the first International tournament in 2016, The Euros.



Portugal drew all three of their group games and qualified to the next round with the best 3rd placed teams rule. They won the Round of 16 tie in extra time, with a late Quaresma tiebreaker against Croatia.

After defeating the dark horse Wales in the semi-final, Portugal faced the most dangerous team of the competition, the hosts in the final. Paris was prepared to see their team lift the trophy, but a committed Portugal was there to create history.

France had scored 13 goals in the six games played in the tournament but was held to a goalless 90 minutes by the Selecao. And despite losing Cristiano Ronaldo 25 minutes into the final due to injury, Portugal secured their first international trophy with a 109โ€™ minute goal from the 28-year old substitute Eder.



Portugal enters Euro 2020 as the defending champions and ready to defend their first-ever international trophy. The team has drastically improved from their previous appearance with new faces like Joao Felix, Diogo Jota and Ruben Neves taking the centre stage.



Senior experienced players like Ronaldo, Rui Patricio and Jose Fonte will still be there to provide the essential support in both attack and defence but their shoulders have been weighed off by the rising talent in the Selecao.

Another great find for Portugal has been Manchester Unitedโ€™s player of the year Bruno Fernandes, who is tipped to be the MVP for the national team if they are to successfully defend their championship status.

Fernando Santos enters the seventh year of taking charge of the national side and would like to extend his trophy count to three, having already won the Euros in 2016 and the inaugural Nations League in 2019. Drawn in the group of death that has Germany, France and Hungary alongside Portugal will be a treat to watch for the spectators. Despite the difficult group, Portugal are favourites to go through to the Last 16 and even further in the tournament.

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