WHAT IS AN ENGANCHE IN FOOTBALL? HOW DID THE ROLE AFFECT FOOTBALLING PHILOSOPHIES AND WHAT IS IT'S STATE NOW?
Football is a global sport that has transcended all borders. The game has been owned in each part of the world and rebranded according to its local dialects. One such term that was groomed in Argentina is Enganche. Players like Juan Roman Riquelme, David Silva represent the pinnacle of the Enganche period.
The role was perfected in South America and then toured the world. Enganche had its early days in the 1980s when Diego Maradona implemented it in its raw form and passed it on. It enjoyed a renaissance period in the following years. The role has been dying slowly over the years due to the modern game.
What does the term mean? What do they do? Who are the best Enganches? Why is the role dying? Ever got confused by the term “plays in the hole”?. Don’t worry, we got all the bases covered as FootTheBall brings you everything you need to know about an Enganche.
WHAT IS AN ENGANCHE?
Enganche is a Spanish word that roughly translates to “hook”. What it essentially means is Enganche is a player that acts as a hook between midfield and attack. He plays a free role and operates in the space between midfield and the attack. An Enganche is primarily responsible for playmaking i.e, creating chances. He is the player the midfield tries to shift the ball to. He is also the person the strikers expect service from.
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A person playing as an Enganche must be technically adept. They must have supreme dribbling ability and agility to outmaneuver their opponents. Most importantly the Enganche must have a keen eye for a pass that unlocks defences. An Enganche excels mostly in a diamond formation. It might be a 4-1-2-1-2 or a 3-1-2-1-3. They thrive on the opportunity to either play the through balls into the runners in behind or diagonals out wide. As they play in that hole between attack and midfield they get that famous “in the hole” metaphor.
A player with a small center of gravity may suit this role well as they have incredible ball control and agility. A player’s tactical and footballing genius would also determine the success they have from this role.
Though the word is taken from Spanish, it is made popular in the South American continent and especially Argentina. The role also has similar counterparts in Europe. The Italians call it Trequartis. It also indicates a playmaking role with more emphasis on goal scoring as well. The English call it a number 10 role where apart from scoring and assisting the player also has defensive duties to perform.
THE EVOLUTION OF THE ROLE
The Argentines started using the role in the 1960s to some degree. However, the role shot to prominence due to Diego Maradona in the 1980s. Carlos Bilardo, Argentina’s coach back then used Maradona in the Enganche role to supreme success. The Mercurial Argentine tormented the defences as they coasted their way to the title. It could be argued that Maradona wasn’t a true Enganche as he used to drop infield from a striker role or a winger role.
The mantle got passed after Maradona to another game-changer in Juan Roman Riquelme. The lean and slender midfielder defined what a pure Enganche would look like. His flair and elegance on the pitch were too hot to handle for the opponents. He combined his incredible skillset with it to dictate games as a playmaker with key passes every time. Riquelme was a pure attack-minded Enganche. By the time his reign ended, two certain Spaniards would take over the baton.
Sergio Busquets proved that an Enganche needn’t always be attack-minded. He is a player who sits at the base of the midfield and sets the tempo as a deep-lying playmaker. Busquets’ technique and tactical impetus cover up for his lack of pace and makes him one of the best in the world. David Silva is another Spaniard who rocked the Premier League as an Enganche. The ex-Manchester City playmaker often put masterclasses from that position as he drove City to four league titles.
The present hasn’t been kind to this role.
WHY IS IT DYING?
The beauty of the Enganche role comes from the ability to pick the right pass. For this action, the player tends to freeze for a second known as a pause. This pause represents a serene moment before a catastrophic outcome that’s gonna destroy the calmness. The game in the previous century and the earlier decades of this century worked out perfectly.
But as the game evolved, the pace of the game increased. A new system called pressing or Gegenpressing has become a feature of every team. This rapid closing down of the ball doesn’t let the Enganche take the pause peacefully. This disrupts the rhythm of the artist and neutralizes him. Also, the modern game demands each and every player to defend. The Enganche’s are not sound defensively and don’t tend to trackback. This is seen as a liability and teams tend to avoid it.
Lastly, coaches like Jurgen Klopp have developed systems that don’t require creativity from midfield at all. Overlapping fullbacks create chances aplenty for the forwards to feast. Midfield is barely reduced to a protection unit for defence.
These trends have seen the need for an Enganche go down. In the Premier League, Mesut Ozil could be said as the last true Enganche. The German international despite his attacking returns was never fully appreciated by Arsenal fans as they felt he didn’t contribute himself effectively on the pitch. Currently, Bruno Fernandes is the only player that can be close to an Enganche and represents the hope for a revival of this role.